However, even 3D seismic resolution is not nearly enough. Vertically migrating oil and gas is easily diverted to a different direction by the existence of a carrier bed just a few inches thick. That is beyond well-log resolution. A petroleum system analyst should be practical about this, and think about where these carriers may exist and test different scenarios. The prospects that can be charged under more scenarios are assigned lower risk and vise versa.
Saturday, September 26, 2009
Darcy, Percolation or Ray Tracing?
I personally believe that the subsurface migration of hydrocarbons should follow Darcy's law. However, the numerical solution is so time consuming that it is practically impossible to build models at 3D seismic resolution. Anything less is not really geologically realistic. Structure details missed by 2D seismic will significantly affect migration direction. At geological time scales, most people believe that Percolation or Ray tracing is a good approximation of the migration process, and can handle 3D seismic resolution.